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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

770003.00 – 3866   Phocides lilea (Reakirt, [1867])
Distribution Data for Phocides lilea
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Type locality (lilea): Veracruz, Mexico.
Similar Species:
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
Synonymy: Erycides lilea Reakirt, [1867]
Phocides albiciliata Röber, 1925
Erycides albicilla Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Dysenius cruentus Scudder, 1872
Erycides decolor Mabille, 1880
Papilio palemon of authors, not Cramer, 1777
Hesperia polybius of authors, not Fabricius, 1793
Erycides sanguinea Scudder, 1872
Erycides socius Butler & Druce, 1872
Erycides spurius Mabille, 1880
Taxonomic Notes: Phocides lilea (Reakirt, [1867]), formerly treated as a synonym of palemon in Hodges et al. (1983) (Checklist) (an unavailable name later synonymized with polybius Fabricius, 1793), is treated as a full species in Zhang et al. (2020). True polybius (=palemon) is extralimital north of Mexico.
  • Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
  • Species Page at BugGuide.Net
  • Species Page at the Butterflies of America
  • Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, P.A. Opler, N.V. Grishin, 2020. Genomic evidence suggests further changes of butterfly names. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, 8(7): 1-41.

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