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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

Sphingidae
890119.007810Sphinx gordius Cramer, 1780 – Apple Sphinx

Aaron Hunt
Distribution: SK, MB, ON, Canada. WI, IL, KY, VA, NJ, CT, VT, FL, USA.
Seasonality
and Size:
One brood in most of its range, two in the southern portions. Glaser reports flight dates from 8 May - 7 July in Maryland, but it is found into September in much of its range. In Florida its season is from February into April. Wingspan 68 - 95 mm.
Larva and
Host Plants:
The larva has been found on a wide variety of food plants including larch, apple, sweet gale, blueberries, huckleberries, white spruce, sweetfern, rose,spirea and other woody species. Green hornworm: rarely purple-brown, small black circles over thorax and between spiracles, seven pairs of oblique lateral lines, often edged with magenta or black above. Spiracles orange. Horn usually green with black lateral line.
Description/
Field Marks:
7810.1 Sphinx poecila has forewing fringes checkered black and white, while the hind wing fringes are almost totally white. In S. gordius the forewing fringes are mostly black with some white, and hindwing fringes are mostly white with some black patches.
7810.2 Sphinx oslari (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) is found in UT, CO.
Similar Species:
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
Synonymy: Sphinx gordius Cramer, 1779
Sphinx campestris McDunnough, 1931
References
  • Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
  • Bill Oehlke's species page for Sphinx gordius.
  • Covell Field Guide p.35; Pl. 5(3, male).
  • Hodges, R. W., 1971. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 21:p. 65; pl. 5.3-9. order
  • Kitching, I.J., 2019. Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory, species page, accessed on 11/22/2019
  • Species Page at BugGuide.Net
  • Tuttle, J. P., 2007. Hawk Moths of North America: p. 86; pl. 6.9, 11.
  • Wagner, D. L., (2005). Caterpillars of Eastern North America, p. 258.
Data compiled and contributed by Nolie Schneider from references cited.

Sphinx gordius
Aaron Hunt
Sphinx gordius
80mm – Jim Vargo
Sphinx gordius
Bruce Duncan

Sphinx gordius
Canadian National Collection LG


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