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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

990496n – 19496   Lymantria xylina Swinhoe, 1903
Distribution Data for Lymantria xylina
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Distribution: Japan, Taiwan, and China; not found in North America north of Mexico.
and Size:
One generation per year, eggs deposited in June and July and go into diapause until the following year, hatching in March. Forewing length 25-28mm in males, and 35mm in females.
Larva and
Host Plants:
Larva have been recorded feeding on 63 trees representing 29 families (a quarter of which belonging to the Euphorbiaceae and Fagaceae), including litchi (Litchi chinensis) mango (Mangifera indica), and longan (Dimocarpus longan).
Field Marks:
White wings, forewings with light brown antemedian line and lacking reniform and orbicular spots in both males and females. White wing fringe with brown spots between veins. Hindwings with brown spots along the margin between veins. Male hindwing with wide dark brown band along costal margin
Similar Species:
  • “L. xylina resembles L. apicebrunea” however L. apicebrunea possesses a brown outer margin of the forewing. L. xylina has a pink “neck” as well as pink scales throughout the legs and underside; labial palps are also larger and darker (typically black) in L. xylina, in contrast to the small white palps in L. apicebrunnea In L. xylina the male genitalia possess a wider and stouter saccus than in L. apiceabrunnea. Genitalic illustrations provided by Mike Pogue, from Pogue and Schaefer (2007)
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
Synonymy: L. xylina Swinhoe, 1903
L. xylina xylina Inoue, 1956
L. nobunaga Nagano, 1912
L. xylina Inoue, 1956
L. nigricosta Matsumura, 1921
L. horishanella Mutsumura, 1927
L. sakaguchii Mutsumura, 1927
  • (1) Natural History Museum: HOSTS- website
  • (2) Pogue, M.G., and Schaefer, P.W. (2007). A review of selected species of Lymantria Hubner [1819] including three new species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Lymantriinae) from subtropical and temperate regions of Asia, some potentially invasive to North America. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
Photographs are needed for this species.

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