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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

990055n – 19055   Archips xylosteanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
             Variegated Golden Tortrix
Distribution Data for Archips xylosteanus
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Distribution: Palearctic; not found in North America north of Mexico.
and Size:
Forewing length in males is 7-10mm, and 9-10mm in females. Adults present June to mid-August.
Larva and
Host Plants:
Larvae are polyphagous and have been recorded feeding on representatives of Aceraceae, Betulaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Clusiaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae, Pineaceae, Oleaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae, Salicaceae, Tiliaceae, and Ulmaceae. Hosts of importance include Acer (maple), Alnus (alder), Betula (birch), Lonicera (honeysuckle), Cornus (dogwood), Castanea crenata (chestnut), Quercus (oak), Fraxinus excelsior (ash), Abies (fir), Crataegus (hawthorn), Malus domestica and Malus pumila (apple), Prunus armeniaca (apricot), P. avium and P. serrulata (cherry), Pyrus pyrifolia (pear), Rubus (raspberry), Sorbus aucuparia (mountain ash), Citrus (citrus), Salix cinerea (willow), and Ulmus (elm)
Field Marks:
Forewings with dark reddish-brown markings, including a basal patch and well-defined median fascia. Hindwings are grayish brown.
Similar Species:
  • A. xylosteana can be distinguished from other Archips using genitalic characters. Male A. xylosteana have a characteristically large, spoon-shaped uncus (narrow in the middle), round valves and a well-defined sacculus with a sclerotized basal projection nearly extending the length of the valve. Female genitalia are characterized by having a very long ductus bursae with a sclerotized band along the length of the ductus bursae. Corpus bursae round with a single sclerotized downward pointing signum.
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
  • (1) Natural History Museum: HOSTS- A Database of the Worlds Lepidopteran Hostplants website
  • (2) Gilligan, T.M., and Epstein, M.E. 2012. Tortricids of Agricultural Importance website
Photographs are needed for this species.

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