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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

Sphingidae
890142.007822.1Smerinthus ophthalmica Boisduval, 1855

DNA - © Gary McDonald
Distribution: Pacific Northwest south to southern CA.
Type locality (ophthalmica): California.
Type locality (nigrescens): Mission, San Jose, CA.
Type locality (vancouveriensis): Vancouver Island, BC.
Similar Species:
  • Smerinthus cerisyi is mostly absent in western US. The blue ring within the hindwing eyespot tends to be solid, not broken into two arc as is often found in ophthalmica. The forewing tends to have outer margin more deeply scalloped; outer margin of apical white mark more deeply notched; pm. line more jagged, composed of a series of wedge shaped dashes between the veins. In ophthalmica the pm. line tends to forms two smooth outwardly convex arcs with dashes straighter. Intermediate examples exist. Best separated by DNA barcode.
  • Smerinthus saliceti is separated by DNA barcode. The status of saliceti north of Mexico is unclear.
  • Smerinthus astarte is found east of west coast states with apparently no overlap. Best separated by DNA barcode.
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
Synonymy: Smerinthus ophthalmica Boisduval, 1855
Smerinthus nigrescens Clark, 1919
Smerinthus pallidulus Edwards, 1875
Smerinthus vancouveriensis Butler, 1877
Taxonomic Notes: Smerinthus ophthalmica Boisduval, 1855, formerly a synonym of 7822 Smerinthus cerisyi, is raised to full species status in Pohl et al. (2010), ZooKeys, 38: 388.
References
  • Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
  • Barcode of Life (BOLD) - BIN: AAA1636
  • Boisduval, J.B., 1875. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 3: 32.
  • Kitching, I.J., 2019. Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory, species page
  • Pohl, G.R., G.G. Anweiler, B.C. Schmidt, & N.G. Kondla, 2010. An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada. ZooKeys, 38: 1-549.
  • Species Page at Bill Oehlke's moth website - Smerinthus ophthalmica
  • Species Page at BugGuide.Net
Smerinthus ophthalmica
DNA - © Dick Wilson
Smerinthus ophthalmica
DNA - © Jim Moore
Smerinthus ophthalmica
DNA - LG – © Jim Moore
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Jeff Smith
Smerinthus ophthalmica
LG – © Jim Troubridge
Smerinthus ophthalmica
75mm - LG – © Jim Vargo
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
5th instar
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant

Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
1st instar
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
2nd instar
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
3rd instar
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
4th instar
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
pre pupa
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
early pupa
Smerinthus ophthalmica
© Peter J. Bryant
pupa

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