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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

51a0303.96n – 3640.97   Choristoneura fumiferana complex
             W. Spruce Budworm complex
© Dick Wilson - DNA © Dick Wilson - DNA
Similar Species:
  • Pinned specimens of related species. (Hint: select View by Region on the related species page.)
Taxonomic Notes: Choristoneura fumiferana complex: The Choristoneura fumiferana complex includes C. carnana, occidentalis [freemani], fumiferana, lambertiana, orae, pinus, retiniana.
  • Brunet, B.M., G.S. Blackburn, K. Muirhead, L.M. Lumley, B. Boyle, R.C. Lévesque, M. Cusson, F.A.H. Sperling, 2017. Two's company, three's a crowd: new insights on spruce budworm species boundaries using genotyping-by-sequencing in an integrative species assessment (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Systematic Entomology, 42: 317-328.
  • Lumley, L.M. & F.H. Sperling, 2010. Integrating morphology and mitochondrial DNA for species delimitation within the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) cryptic species complex (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Systemic Entomology, 35(3): 416-428.
  • Lumley, L.M. & F.H. Sperling, 2011. Utility of microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA for species delimitation in the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) species complex (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(2): 232-243.

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