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Digital Guide to Moth Identification

North American Lepidoptera Genitalia Library
510626.52839.2Phiaris metallicana (Hübner, 1796)
  • Phiaris metallicana (Hübner, 1796) was formerly placed in Olethreutes; the current generic treatment follows Aarvik (2017). This species includes as a synonyms O. major (Walsingham, 1895) and O. murina (Packard, 1867) in Miller (1985), both previously treated as synonyms of O. puncticostana (Walker, 1863) in Hodges et al. (1983) (Checklist). Olethreutes puncticostana of authors; (not Walker, 1863) is also listed as a synonym of O. metallicain the Pohl et al. (2016). Aspila lobarzewskii (Nowicki, 1864) (Grapholitha), rev. stat., is removed from synonymy in Hu et al. (2023), Appendix S4 and is treatred as extralimital to NA.
  • Aarvik, L., 2017. Fauna Europaea: Tortricidae. In: Fauna Europaea: Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea Version 2017.06. Karsholt, O. & van Nieukerken, E. J., editors. Museum für Naturkunde: Berlin, Germany. website [accessed on 5 January 2023]
  • Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness, not proof of identification, and some BOLD specimens shown may not be sequenced.
  • Gilligan, T.M., J.W. Brown, J, Baixeras, 2020. Immigrant Tortricidae: Holarctic versus Introduced Species in North America. Insects, 11(9), 594: 1-59.
  • Hu, G-L, J. Brown, M. Heikkilä, L. Aarvik, M. Mutanen, 2023. Molecular phylogeny, divergence time, biogeography and trends in host plant usage in the agriculturally important tortricid tribe Grapholitini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Olethreutinae). Cladistics, 39(5): 359-381; Appendix S4.
  • Miller, W.E., 1985. Nearctic Olethreutes: five new synonymies, two revised statuses, and notes (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 87(2): 408-417.

Phiaris metallicana
- © Michael Sabourin (MGCL)

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