Subfamily Amphipyrinae. The subfamily name Amphipyrinae was used in a very broad sense by Franclemont and Todd (1982), basically following the concept of Hampson (1908) with the removal of a few groups like the Acronictinae. More recently, the subfamily was greatly restricted to a few genera by Poole (1995), Kitching and Rawlins (1998), and many others. On the basis of variability in larval and genital characters, the subfamily Psaphidinae was combined with the Amphipyrinae as a tribe and the various tribes of the Psaphidinae diagnosed in Poole (1995) were reduced to subtribes of the Psaphidini by Wagner et al. (2008).
- Franclemont JG, Todd EL (1983) Noctuidae. pp. 120-159. In: Hodges et al. (1983).
- Todd EL (1982) The noctuid type material of John B. Smith (Lepidoptera). United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1645: 1-228.
- Poole RW (1995) Noctuoidea: Noctuidae (part), Cuculliinae, Stiriinae, Psaphidinae (part). In: Dominick RB et al. (eds) The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 26. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington. 249 pp.
- Kitching IJ, Rawlins JE (1999 ) The Noctuoidea. pp. 355-401. In: Kristensen NP (ed) .
- Wagner DL, Lafontaine JD, McFarland N, Connolly BA (2008) Early stages of Miracavira brillians (Barnes) and reassignment of the genus to the Amphipyrinae: Psaphidini: Feraliina (Noctuidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 62: 40-51.