Family Noctuidae. The family-group name Noctuidae was restricted to the Noctuoidea with a trifine hindwing and diagnosed by Fibiger and Lafontaine (2005). The name was later used in a more inclusive concept for all of the Noctuoidea with a quadrifid forewing by Lafontaine and Fibiger (2006). The more restrictive concept of the family Noctuidae of Fibiger and Lafontaine (2005) is reinstated here following Zahiri et al. (2010).
- Fibiger M, Lafontaine JD (2005) A review of the higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) - with special reference to the Holarctic fauna. Esperiana 11: 7-92.
- Lafontaine JD, Fibiger M (2006) Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). The Canadian Entomologist 138: 610-635.
- Zahiri R, Kitching IJ, Lafontaine JD, Mutanen M, Kaila L, Holloway JD, Wahlberg N (2010) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution ZZZ: in press.