Colobochyla Hübner, Melanomma Grote. These two genera were included in the Rivulinae in Richards (1933) and Franclemont and Todd (1983) and in the Phytometrinae by Fibiger and Lafontaine (2005) but do not fit well in either group. DNA results in Zahiri et al. (2010) suggest a more isolated position near the Hypeninae.
- Richards AG (1933) Comparative skeletal morphology of the noctuid tympanum. Entomologica Americana 13: 1-43, 20 pl.
- Franclemont JG, Todd EL (1983) Noctuidae. pp. 120-159. In: Hodges et al. (1983).
- Fibiger M, Lafontaine JD (2005) A review of the higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) - with special reference to the Holarctic fauna. Esperiana 11: 7-92.
- Zahiri R, Kitching IJ, Lafontaine JD, Mutanen M, Kaila L, Holloway JD, Wahlberg N (2010) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution ZZZ: in press.