Cecharismena anartoides. Plusiodonta anartoides Walker was included in the genus Matiloxis Schaus in Franclemont and Todd (1983), but was transferred to the genus Radara Walker by Poole (1989). We treat Radara as an Old World genus, primarily occurring in Africa and Southeast Asia. The species placed in Cecharismena by Poole (1989) and some in Radara from Central and South America have basal abdominal brushes, levers, and pockets (reduced in some species). These are similar to the structures that are widespread in many subfamilies in the Noctuidae but the details suggest they are convergently derived. Similarites in valve shape and dorsal processes, presence of a large pair of brushes on eversible coremata on the eighth sternum, and the apex of aedeagus expanded with a sclerotized ridged pattern, all suggest that the New World radiation should be treated as a separate genus from Old World Radara. The genera Zagorista Schaus, 1916, Chirconia Schaus, 1916, syn. n., Diodines Schaus, 1916, syn. n., Duriga Schaus, 1916, syn. n., and Matiloxis Schaus, syn. n., are synonyms of Cecharismena. [Contributed in collaboration with J. B. Sullivan].