Host Plant and Non-plant Specialists -- Hickories to Yuccas


The main reason the lepidoptera, and most particularly the moths, have become so numerous and diverse as species, is that they have found so many ways for their larvae to exploit the world of plants and to divide that world into specialized uses of plant parts. Some moth specialize in munching foliage from without and within (leafminers). Others live mainly as borers within the stems or stalks of low-growing plants or in the trunks of trees. Still others exploit root systems, fruits, buds, cones, seeds and other plant parts. A much smaller group of moths make their livings in other ways, developing through the use of lichens, fungi, beehives, animal fur and even the stored products of man.

In my yard and garden I can discover at least one species of moth that utilizes almost every plant that I can identify including my lawn grasses and weeds, every ornamental shrub, perennial and annual flowering plant and vine, and vegetable raised for our own consumption. There have also been a few species that are occasionally found in our kitchen and pantry and in the produce brought home from the supermarket. All in all it is really no surprise to have so far found more than 700 species of adult moths in my yard. Many of them are shown in the listing that follows below.
 

Hickory
Honeysuckle
Hop Vine
Iris
Lophocampa caryae
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Athrips mouffetella
Dave Beadle - ON
 
Hypena humuli
Machele White - FL
 
Macronoctua onusta
Robin McLeod - ON
 
Ironweed
Juniper
Knapweed
Lantana
Polygrammodes flavidalis
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Patalene olyzonaria
Tom Murray - MA
 
Agapeta zoegana
Lynette Schimming - MT
 
Lantanophaga pusillidactyla
Alan Chin-Lee - FL
 
Larch
Lichen
Linden
Live Oak
Tolype laricis
Anthony W. Thomas - NB
 
Cisthene kentuckiensis
Machele White - FL
 
Ellida caniplaga
Cindy Mead - MI
 
Orgyia detrita
Machele White - FL
 
Lobelia
Loblolly Pine
Locust
Maple
Acronicta lobeliae
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Dioryctria merkeli
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Ecdytolopha insiticiana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Dryocampa rubicunda
David Silsbee - CT
 
Maple
Maple
Melon
Milkweed
Paraclemensia acerifolia
Paul McNelis - PA
 
Prochoerodes lineola
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Diaphania hyalinata
Machele White - FL
 
Euchaetes egle
Brent Steury - VA
 
Mimosa
Mint
Moonseed
Morning-glory
Homadaula anisocentra
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Pyrausta acrionalis
Machele White - FL
 
Plusiodonta compressipalpis
Mike Boone - SC
 
Schizura ipomoeae
John Davis - WA
 
Oak
Parsnip
Pawpaw
Pecan
Argyrotaenia quercifoliana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Depressaria pastinacella
Nolie Schneider - ON
 
Dolba hyloeus
Patrick Coin - NC
 
Cossula magnifica
Lynette Schimming - NC
 
Primrose
Oak Gall
Peanut
Peppergrass
Cochylis oenotherana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Synanthedon sapygaeformis
Machele White - FL
 
Stegasta bosqueela
Machele White - FL
 
Eustixia pupula
Larry Line - MD
 
Phragmites
Pitch Pine
Ragweed
Raspberry
Leucania phragmitidicola
Robin McLeod - ON
 
Rhyacionia rigidana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Schinia rivulosa
Jim Kennedy - VA
 
Pennisetia marginata
Anthony W. Thomas - NB
 
Salvinia
Solidago
Sorghum
Soybean
Samea multiplicalis
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Grapholita eclipsana
Tam Stuart - NJ
 
Nola cereela
Machele White - FL
 
Pseudoplusia includens
Patrick Coin - NC
 
Spruce
Squash
Stored Grain
Stored Products
Choristoneura occidentalis
John Davis - WA
 
Melittia cucurbitae
Richard Breen - WI
 
Aglossa caprealis
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Plodia interpunctella
Mike Boone - SC
 
Sweetgum
Tanacetum
Trumpet Vine
Tulip-tree
Sciota uvinella
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Dichrorampha sedatana
Tom Murray - MA
 
Clydonopteron sacculana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Endopiza liriodendrana
Paul McNelis - PA
 
Tulip-tree
Viper's Bugloss
Virginia Creeper
Waterlily
Epimecis hortaria
Lynette Schimming - NC
 
Ethmia bipunctella
Nolie Schneider - ON
 
Darapsa myron
Cheryl Johnson - NH
 
Munroessa gyralis
Machele White - FL
 
Wheat
White Pine
Wild Coffee
Yucca
Faronta diffusa
Nolie Schneider - ON
 
Eucosma tocullionana
Robert Patterson - MD
 
Pyrausta tyralis
Charles Lewallen - OK
 
Tegeticula yuccasella
Jim McClarin - NH
 






MothTalk/MothTalk017.htm -- 01/15/2007